In 2017, eleven million deaths worldwide were linked to people eating diets high in sugar, salt and processed meat.
Those foods were partly to blame for heart disease, cancer and diabetes, a new study found.
The study is called the Global Burden of Disease. It followed eating trends in 195 countries from 1990 to 2017. The findings were reported in the publication The Lancet.
Researchers considered 15 dietary elements, such as diets low in fruits, vegetables, whole grains and milk. They also looked at diets high in red meat, processed meat, sugar-sweetened drinks and sodium.
The study found that Uzbekistan had the highest percentage of diet-related deaths.
Israel had the lowest proportion of diet-related deaths, while the United States rated 43rd in the study.
Consumption of foods such as nuts and seeds, milk and whole grains was on average too low, the researchers found.
Chris Murray is director of the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation at the University of Washington, which led the work.
“Poor diet is responsible for more deaths than any other risk factor in the world,” he said.
The study found people ate only 12 percent of the recommended amount of nuts and seeds — an average intake of 3 grams a day. For good health, experts say, you should eat 21 grams of nuts and seeds every day.
The study also found that people drank more than 10 times the recommended amount of sugary drinks.
Another study published in January suggested an “ideal diet” for the health of people and the planet would include a doubling of the consumption of nuts, fruits, vegetables and legumes. Such a diet would also include reducing by half the amount of meat and sugar consumed.